Political Changes Are Stressing Hispanic Americans: Study

Political Changes Are Stressing Hispanic Americans: Study
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Key Takeaways

  • The immigration debate is stressing out all Hispanics, whether they are citizens or undocumented immigrants

  • The Trump presidency, in particular, ramped up stress levels among Hispanics as they dealt with fears of deportation

  • The situation could be eased with more welcoming immigration rules and more inclusiveness in the communities where Hispanics live, researchers said

TUESDAY, Feb. 20, 2024 (HealthDay News) -- Immigration has become a contentious topic in America, but new research shows the heated debate on the issue may be stressing out Hispanics across the country, whether they are citizens or not.

After analyzing data from 2011-2018, the researchers discovered that, over time, there has an increase in psychological distress among all Hispanics as U.S. immigration policies came under fire.

For example, when President Barack Obama signed the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) into law, that relieved distress for many naturalized citizens.

But the Trump presidency had the opposite effect, triggering anxiety and depressive symptoms among Hispanic noncitizens, the researchers said.

But apart from federal policies on immigration, even the continuing public debate on the issue has taken a toll.

“How people are talking about immigration and how salient immigration and deportation are to day-to-day life is potentially equally as important to distress as these more dramatic changes and events, like the Trump election or DACA,” said study co-author Amy Johnson, an assistant professor of sociology and anthropology at Lehigh University in Pennsylvania.

And those fears were felt whether a Hispanic person faced possible deportation or not: Using Google Trends, the researchers show that U.S.-born Hispanics experienced higher distress in periods where there were spikes in Google searches on topics related to deportation and immigration.

The findings were published Feb. 19 in the Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

“The fact that racial and ethnic divisions are so prominent that even citizens feel the threat of deportation, and distress related to deportation threat, is really striking,” Johnson noted in a university news release.

Although deportation threats could surge during the 2024 election year, changing federal policy isn't the only solution, the researchers said, adding that creating a sense of cultural belonging is also key.

“We concretely show that the deportation-focused approach to immigration that the U.S. has been taking is psychologically damaging even to U.S. citizens,” Johnson said. “Moving forward, we can make the argument for policy change around deportation, but equally so, we can advocate for cultural practices of inclusion and belonging.”

More information

Visit the Migration Policy Institute for more on how immigration policies have harmed Hispanics.

SOURCE: Lehigh University, news release, Feb. 19, 2024

What This Means For You

America's immigration debate is taking an emotional toll on Hispanics living in this country, whether they are citizens or not.

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