Here, you’ll find out eight top causes of groin pain in men, including their causes, symptoms and the most effective ways to treat them so you can get back to doing more of what you love.
What causes groin pain in men?
When you injure your primary hip flexor or adductor muscles, a groin pull results, according to Hartford HealthCare. It’s caused by abrupt, forceful movement of the front hip.
Pulled groin symptoms include:
Can a pulled groin cause testicular pain? According to Penn Medicine, it’s possible.
To treat groin pulls, Hartford HealthCare suggests the "PRICE" method:
The Mayo Clinic lists these inguinal hernia causes:
Symptoms of inguinal hernias include:
Hernias are treated with surgical repair of the hole in the muscle wall.
Kidney stones are irregular-shaped crystalline structures formed in the bladder. Once they move out of the bladder and down the urinary tract, they may cause excruciating groin pain.
The Mayo Clinic says other symptoms include:
Treatment options for your kidney stones can include:
Trauma to the testicles
When the testicles are hit, crushed, struck or otherwise hurt by some force, this is known as testicular trauma. The Urology Care Foundation notes that the lack of protective bones and muscles around the testicles leaves the area vulnerable.
Your doctor may treat testicular trauma with pain medication or surgery.
Epididymitis is inflammation of a coiled tube behind the testicles. The Urology Care Foundation notes its causes include:
These symptoms may indicate you have epididymitis:
Since the most common cause is infection, your doctor will usually prescribe antibiotics to treat epididymitis.
Orchitis occurs when one or both of your testicles become inflamed. It’s usually caused by bacterial or viral infection, according to the Urology Care Foundation.
Epididymitis and orchitis often develop together. Signs of orchitis include:
Antibiotics and antiviral medications are used to treat orchitis, and interferon may also be given for cases caused by the mumps virus.
When fluid forms in the sac surrounding the testicle, it’s called a hydrocele. The Mayo Clinic notes that hydroceles can be caused by infection, injury or inflammation in the testicle or groin region.
Symptoms may include:
If a hydrocele doesn’t go away on its own, surgery can be performed to remove it. When the cause is an infection or injury, your doctor may also treat it with medication or surgical repair.
Excess growth of cells that starts in the testicles is testicular cancer. While the Mayo Clinic says that the exact cause isn’t known, DNA changes in germ cells appear to trigger the disease.
Testicular cancer symptoms include:
Testicular cancer can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and radiation.
“While up to 95% of men with testicular cancer are cured, it’s important to get care quickly if you’re experiencing symptoms because testicular cancers usually grow fast,” Cleveland Clinic oncologist Dr. Timothy Gilligan explained in a clinic article. “If there is disease, the earlier it is treated, the greater the chance for success.”
Cleveland Clinic: Why Do More People Get Kidney Stones in the Summer?
Cleveland Clinic: 5 Testicular Cancer Symptoms That Aren’t a Lump
Hartford HealthCare: Groin strain (pull)
Harvard Health: Groin strain vs. hernia pain: How to tell the difference
Mayo Clinic: Inguinal hernia
Mayo Clinic: Kidney Stones
Mayo Clinic: Hydrocele
Mayo Clinic: Testicular Cancer
Penn Medicine: Groin Pain
Urology Care Foundation: Testicular Trauma
Urology Care Foundation: Epididymitis and Orchitis